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​Bakers typically do the following:
  • Check the quality of ingredients
  • Prepare equipment for baking
  • Measure and weigh flour and other ingredients
  • Combine measured ingredients in mixers or blenders
  • Knead, roll, cut, and shape dough
  • Place dough in pans, molds, or on sheets
  • Set oven temperatures
  • Place and bake items in hot ovens or on grills
  • Observe color and state of products being baked
  • Apply glazes, icings, or other toppings using spatulas or brushes​

Minimum Education Required for this Career

Basic Certificate
Advanced Certificate
Associate's Degree
4+ year Degree
Basic Certificate

City Colleges Program Options

Baking and Pastry Arts

Cake Decorating and Baking (L'Art Du Gateau)

Pastry and Baking (L'Art de la Patisserie)

Nature of the Work

Bakers produce various types and quantities of breads, pastries, and other baked goods sold by grocers, wholesalers, restaurants, and institutional food services. Some retail bakers own bakery shops or other types of businesses where they make and sell breads, pastries, pies, and other baked goods. In addition to preparing the baked goods and overseeing the entire baking process, these workers are also responsible for hiring, training, and supervising their staff.  They must also budget for supplies, set prices, and know how much to produce each day.​

Training, Other Qualifications, and Advancement

Although long-term on-the-job training is the most common path, some bakers start their careers through an apprenticeship program or by attending a technical or culinary school. No formal education is required. Bakers in specialty bakery shops and grocery stores often start as apprentices and learn the basics of baking, icing, and decorating. Most apprentices and trainees study topics such as nutrition, safe food handling, and basic baking. Many apprentice bakers participate in correspondence study and may work toward a certificate in baking.

Future Trends

Employment of bakers is expected to experience little or no change from 2010 to 2020. Highly skilled, experienced bakers should have the best job opportunities because of the growing demand for specialty products that require years of baking experience.​

Career Pathways

Success at City Colleges