Although long-term on-the-job training is the most common path, some bakers start their careers through an apprenticeship program or by attending a technical or culinary school. No formal education is required. Bakers in specialty bakery shops and grocery stores often start as apprentices and learn the basics of baking, icing, and decorating. Most apprentices and trainees study topics such as nutrition, safe food handling, and basic baking. Many apprentice bakers participate in correspondence study and may work toward a certificate in baking.